Summary of Video #8 of Crash Course Sociology.
Harriet Martineau was the first female sociologist. Her work was one starting point from which the waves of feminism unfolded:
- Women’s rights movement focusing on legal inequalities;
- Female participation in the labour force, equal pay, reproductive rights, sexual violence, education inequality, and divorce, arising from the idea that gender has societal origins.
- Broadening the definition of feminism to encompass issues of race, class, sexuality and other forms of disadvantage.
- Feminism. The support for social equality among genders. Feminist theory is one school of thought in the study of gender.
- Sex. The biological distinction between females, males and intersex individuals.
- Gender. The personality traits and social roles that society attaches to different sexes. Gender roles change among societies and over time.
- Intersectionality. The analysis of how race, class and gender interact to create systems of disadvantage that are interdependent.