Review of a webinar presented by the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN).
45% of the world depends on groundwater for domestic water use. Unfortunately, a study of 4 countries in Africa showed that 15-30% of water points were not functioning after 1 year (Tincani et al 2015). While low yield, poor water quality and mechanical reasons are the primary causes of failure, there are deeper underlying causes (Bonsor et al 2015).
RWSN recommended 6 measures to promote the professionalism of well water drilling: (1) clarify institutional frameworks i.e. policies, regulations, standards and procedures as well as roles and responsibilities; (2) collect and make available groundwater information; (3) improve project design, implementation and monitoring; (4) not just improve skills and knowledge, but also make equipment available; (5) foster dialogue and raise awareness about the management of groundwater potential, and; (6) invest financial resources into professionalism.
The webinar included a case study of the characteristics of Burkina Faso that affect the quality of boreholes, such as benchmark prices and the contracting calendar.
Finally, RWSN has lots of guidance on sustainable groundwater development!