Review of Video #2 of Crash Course Sociology.
This video introduced the three theoretical paradigms that describe how society works.
The first two paradigms take a macro view of society:
1. Structural functionalism describes society as a complex system with social structures that promote stability and social order. Structural functionalism assumes that society is fundamentally stable.
2. Conflict theories describe society in terms of groups competing over scarce resources. They include class-conflict theories, race-conflict theories, and gender-conflict theories. Unlike structural functionalism, change is an underlying assumption in conflict theory.
The final paradigm sees society from a micro perspective:
3. Symbolic interactionalism describes society as a product of every day social interactions, where meaning is assigned to actions and objects.
These paradigms provide different ways of looking at the world, providing assumptions that help us answer different types of questions to interpret raw facts.
The video contains more details of the three paradigms and explains the meaning of paradigms in depth!